quarta-feira, 20 de abril de 2016

CITIES VOCABULARY AND DEFINITIONS

Hoje vamos aprender vocabulário sobre cidades e aprender como se diz esses termos em inglês.

HAMLETS

Hamlets are very small settlements where the population is around 100 people, usually in rural areas.

VILLAGE

A village is a group of houses or buildings in rural areas. They are larger than hamletsand smaller than cities.

TOWN

Towns are settlements larger than villages but smaller than cities. The number of people needed for a settlement to be considered a town varies greatly among countries.

CITY

Cities are large and permanent settlements. Cities have all the infrastructure needed for humans to live, including sanitation, education, housing, transportation, health care and so on.

METROPOLIS

Metropolis are very large cities that are or have become the capital or chief city of a country. They have densely populated residential and commercial areas and have all kinds of facilities and services available to maintain such a large and usually growing city. In the past, this term was used to define the first and main city, from which settlers were sent out to find new places to start another city (anyone ever played civilization? :)

Inside cities we also have:

DISTRICTS

Mostly an administrative division managed by the local government.

SUBURBS

The suburbs are residential areas that are in a commuting distance from a city.

NEIGHBORHOOD

Neighborhoods are residential communities existing within larger cities, towns or even rural areas. Usually people in the same neighborhood know each other with considerable interaction between themselves.

DOWNTOWN

The downtown area of a city is the main or central area of it. This is an American term, that is thought to have originated in Manhattan. In England, they call it the “city centre” instead.
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