quinta-feira, 15 de dezembro de 2016

IMPERATIVES




Imperatives


Imperatives are like commands you give to people. Imperative sentences always start with a verb. We use Imperative sentences to give direct order, to give instructions, to make an invitation, on signs and notices and to give an informal advice. The use of the imperative is vital for the teacher in the classroom, because the teacher can´t always ask students to do certain activities, the teacher has also to give students instructions on how to do the activities, and to do so teacher use imperative sentences. Imperative is also vital to give advices otherwise advices wouldn´t have the correct impact that should have on people. In an overall without imperatives a lot of information would be harder to pass on. Just be careful to not be impolite when using imperative.


Here we have some examples for each use:


To give direct order

  • Take that chewing gum out of your mouth.
  • Stand up straight.
  • Give me the details.

To give instructions

  • Open your book.
  • Take two tablets every evening.
  • Take a left and then a right.

To make an invitation

  • Come in and sit down. Make yourself at home.
  • Please start without me. I’ll be there shortly.
  • Have a piece of this cake. It’s delicious.

On signs and notices

  • Do not use.
  • Insert one dollar.

To give informal advice

  • Speak to him. Tell him how you feel.
  • Have a quiet word with her about it.
  • Don’t go. Stay at home and rest up. Get some sleep and recover.

There´s also a way to make imperatives sound politer by using do in the beginning of the sentence. 

Example:

  • Do be quiet.
  • Do come.
  • Do sit down.


Imperativos

Imperativos são como comandos que você dá para as pessoas. Frases imperativas sempre começam com um verbo. Nós usamos frases no imperativo para dar uma ordem direta, para dar instruções, para fazer um convite, usamos em sinais de trânsito e avisos em placas e máquinas, usamos para dar um conselho informal. O uso do imperativo é vital para o professor em sala de aula, porque o professor não tem como simplesmente sempre pedir aos alunos para fazer certas atividades, o professor deve também dar aos alunos instruções sobre como fazer as atividades, e para isso o professor usar frases imperativas. Imperativo também é vital para dar conselhos em contrário conselhos não teriam o impacto correto que deve ter sobre as pessoas. Em um geral, sem imperativos seria muito mais difícil para passar certas informações com a tonalidade e ênfase corretas. Só tome cuidado para não ser indelicado ao usar um imperativo.

Aqui temos alguns exemplos para cada utilização:

Para dar uma ordem direta

  • Take that chewing gum out of your mouth.
  • Stand up straight.
  • Give me the details.

Para dar instruções

  • Open your book.
  • Take two tablets every evening.
  • Take a left and then a right.

Para fazer um convite

  • Come in and sit down. Make yourself at home.
  • Please start without me. I’ll be there shortly.
  • Have a piece of this cake. It’s delicious.

Em sinalizações e placas

  • Do not use.
  • Insert one dollar.

Para dar um conselho Informal

  • Speak to him. Tell him how you feel.
  • Have a quiet word with her about it.
  • Don’t go. Stay at home and rest up. Get some sleep and recover.

Existe uma maneira de fazermos as frases imperativas soarem mais educadas, usando o do no início da frase. 

Exemplo:

  • Do be quiet.
  • Do come.
  • Do sit down.

quinta-feira, 8 de dezembro de 2016

ADJECTIVES AND PREPOSITIONS


Adjectives and Prepositions.

It´s very important to learn how to use prepositions that come after adjectives correctly, even though it can be a bit challenging due to the fact that there aren´t specific rules to apply it. It´s important to learn as you meet it so reading can help you a lot with it.
Follow some classic examples on how to use adjectives followed by prepositions:

With ‘at’

  • I’m quite good at English but I’m bad at maths and I’m terrible at physics.

With ‘for’

  • Jogging is good for your health but smoking is bad for you.
  • The town is famous for its cheese.

As well as ‘good for’, ‘bad for’ and ‘famous for’ we also say ‘qualified for’ ‘ready for’, ‘responsible for’, ‘suitable for’ and several others.

With ‘of’

I’m perfectly capable of doing it myself, thank you.
I’m very fond of this old sweatshirt.
As well as ‘capable of’ and ‘fond of’ we also say ‘aware of’, ‘full of’, ‘tired of’ and several others.

With ‘with’

  • We’re very pleased with your progress.
  • You’re not still angry with me are you?

As well as ‘pleased with’ and ‘angry with’ we also say ‘bored with’, ‘delighted with’, ‘satisfied with’ and several others.

With ‘to’

  • She’s the one who’s married to a doctor, isn’t she?
  • You’ll be responsible to the head of the Finance department.

Notice that you can be responsible for something but responsible to someone.
Other common adjective + preposition combinations include ‘interested in’ and ‘keen on’. It’s a good idea to make a note of new combinations in your vocabulary notebook as you meet them. Remember too that a preposition is followed by a noun or a gerund (‘ing’ form).

Remember that grammar has to be studied and reviwed constantly in order to keep up with it.

Source of examples: British Council

Adjetivos e preposições.

É muito importante aprender como usar preposições que vêm após adjetivos corretamente, embora possa ser um pouco difícil devido ao fato de que não há regras específicas para aplicá-lo. É muito importante para aprender como aplicar preposições após adjetivos a leitura pois você irá encontrá-los sendo aplicado de maneira prática.
Seguem alguns exemplos clássicos de como usar adjetivos seguidos de preposições:

With ‘at’

  • I’m quite good at English but I’m bad at maths and I’m terrible at physics.

With ‘for’

  • Jogging is good for your health but smoking is bad for you.
  • The town is famous for its cheese.

As well as ‘good for’, ‘bad for’ and ‘famous for’ we also say ‘qualified for’ ‘ready for’, ‘responsible for’, ‘suitable for’ and several others.
With ‘of’

I’m perfectly capable of doing it myself, thank you.
I’m very fond of this old sweatshirt.
As well as ‘capable of’ and ‘fond of’ we also say ‘aware of’, ‘full of’, ‘tired of’ and several others.

With ‘with’

  • We’re very pleased with your progress.
  • You’re not still angry with me are you?

As well as ‘pleased with’ and ‘angry with’ we also say ‘bored with’, ‘delighted with’, ‘satisfied with’ and several others.

With ‘to’

  • She’s the one who’s married to a doctor, isn’t she?
  • You’ll be responsible to the head of the Finance department.

Notice that you can be responsible for something but responsible to someone.
Outras combinações preposição comum adjetivo + incluem “interested in” e “keen on”. É uma boa fazer uma nota de novas combinações em seu caderno de vocabulário quando você encontrá-las. Lembre-se também que uma preposição é seguida por um substantivo ou um gerúndio (forma ‘ing’).

Source of examples: British Council

Esse foi mais um post do Blog do Curso de Inglês Microcamp. 

segunda-feira, 5 de dezembro de 2016

VERB TO BE

Hello guy’s. Hoje vamos aprender um pouco sobre o verbo mais usado em inglês. É o famoso verbo “To Be”. Veja alguns exemplos:

Verbo “To Be” com o sentido de “Ser”
I am sad
Eu sou triste
I am fat
Eu sou gorda
You are funny.
Você é engraçado.
He is nice.Ele é legal.
She is intelegent .Ela é inteligente.
It is cold.Isso é gelado.
We are smat.Nós somos espertos.
They are young.Eles são jovens .
Verbo “To Be” com o sentido de “Estar”
I am eating now.Eu estou comendo agora.
You are washing the car.Você está lavando o carro.
He is talking to me.Ele está conversando comigo
She is jogging.Ela está correndo.
We are singing.Nós estamos cantando.
They are at home.Eles estão na casal.
Fazendo perguntas com o verbo “To Be”
I am ugly. (Afirmação)Eu sou feio.
Am I ugly? (Pergunta)Eu sou feio?
Are you free?
Você está livre?
Is she eating?Ela esta comendo?
Are they angry?Eles estão com raiva?
Is it good?Isso é bom?

Negação com o verbo “To Be”
I am not interested in this sport.Eu não estou interessado neste esporte.
You are not my friend.Você não é meu amigo.
Pergunta negativa
Isn’t she your sister?
Ele não é sua irmã?
Isn’t she lovely?
Ela não é amável?
Isn’t it working ?Isso não está funcionando?

quinta-feira, 3 de novembro de 2016

ADJECTIVES


What is an adjective?
Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words, making your writing and speaking much more specific, and a whole lot more interesting. Words like small, blue, and sharp are descriptive, and they are all examples of adjectives. Because adjectives are used to identify or quantify individual people and unique things, they are usually positioned before the noun or pronoun that they modify. Some sentences contain multiple adjectives.
Adjective examples
In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives.
1. They live in a big, beautiful
2. Since it’s a hot day, Lisa is wearing a sleeveless
3. The mountaintops are covered in sparkling
4. On her birthday, Brenda received an antique vase filled with fragrant
Types of adjectives Possessive adjectives
As the name indicates, possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession. They are:
• My
• Your
• His
• Her
• Its
• Our
• Their
Possessive adjectives also function as possessive pronouns.
Demonstrative AdjectivesLike the article the, demonstrative adjectives are used to indicate or demonstrate specific people, animals, or things. These, those, this and that are demonstrative adjectives.
• These books belong on that
• This movie is my favorite.
• Please put those cookies on the blue plate.
Coordinate Adjectives
Coordinate adjectives are separated with commas or the word and, and appear one after another to modify the same noun. The adjectives in the phrase bright, sunny day and long and dark night are coordinate adjectives. In phrases with more than two coordinate adjectives, the word and always appears before the last one; for example: The sign had big, bold, and bright letters.
Be careful, because some adjectives that appear in a series are not coordinate. In the phrase green delivery truck, the words green and delivery are not separated by a comma because green modifies the phrase delivery truck. To eliminate confusion when determining whether a pair or group of adjectives is coordinate, just insert the word and between them. If and works, then the adjectives are coordinate and need to be separated with a comma.
Numbers AdjectivesWhen they’re used in sentences, numbers are almost always adjectives.
You can tell that a number is an adjective when it answers the question “How many?”
• The stagecoach was pulled by a team of six
• He ate 23 hotdogs during the contest, and was sick afterwards.
Interrogative Adjectives
There are three interrogative adjectives: which, what, and whose. Like all other types of adjectives, interrogative adjectives modify nouns. As you probably know, all three of these words are used to ask questions.
• Which option sounds best to you?
• What time should we go?
• Whose socks are those?
Indefinite Adjectives
Like the articles a and an, indefinite adjectives are used to discuss non-specific things. You might recognize them, since they’re formed from indefinite pronouns. The most common indefinite adjectives are any, many, no, several, and few.
• Do we have any peanut butter?
• Grandfather has been retired for many
• There are no bananas in the fruit bowl.
• I usually read the first few pages of a book before I buy it.
• We looked at several cars before deciding on the best one for our family.
Attributive Adjectives
Attributive adjectives talk about specific traits, qualities, or features – in other words, they are used to discuss attributes. There are different kinds of attributive adjectives:
• Observation adjectives such as real, perfect, best, interesting, beautiful or cheapest can indicate value or talk about subjective measures.
• Size and shape adjectives talk about measurable, objective qualities including specific physical properties. Some examples include small, large, square, round, poor, wealthy, slow and
• Age adjectives denote specific ages in numbers, as well as general ages. Examples are old, young, new, five-year-old, and
• Color adjectives are exactly what they sound like – they’re adjectives that indicate color. Examples include pink, yellow, blue, and
• Origin adjectives indicate the source of the noun, whether it’s a person, place, animal or thing. Examples include American, Canadian, Mexican, French.
• Material adjectives denote what something is made of. Some examples include cotton, gold, wool,and
• Qualifier adjectives are often regarded as part of a noun. They make nouns more specific; examples include log cabin, luxury car, and pillow cover.
Esse foi mais um post do Blog do Curso de Inglês Microcamp. 

quarta-feira, 20 de abril de 2016

CITIES VOCABULARY AND DEFINITIONS

Hoje vamos aprender vocabulário sobre cidades e aprender como se diz esses termos em inglês.

HAMLETS

Hamlets are very small settlements where the population is around 100 people, usually in rural areas.

VILLAGE

A village is a group of houses or buildings in rural areas. They are larger than hamletsand smaller than cities.

TOWN

Towns are settlements larger than villages but smaller than cities. The number of people needed for a settlement to be considered a town varies greatly among countries.

CITY

Cities are large and permanent settlements. Cities have all the infrastructure needed for humans to live, including sanitation, education, housing, transportation, health care and so on.

METROPOLIS

Metropolis are very large cities that are or have become the capital or chief city of a country. They have densely populated residential and commercial areas and have all kinds of facilities and services available to maintain such a large and usually growing city. In the past, this term was used to define the first and main city, from which settlers were sent out to find new places to start another city (anyone ever played civilization? :)

Inside cities we also have:

DISTRICTS

Mostly an administrative division managed by the local government.

SUBURBS

The suburbs are residential areas that are in a commuting distance from a city.

NEIGHBORHOOD

Neighborhoods are residential communities existing within larger cities, towns or even rural areas. Usually people in the same neighborhood know each other with considerable interaction between themselves.

DOWNTOWN

The downtown area of a city is the main or central area of it. This is an American term, that is thought to have originated in Manhattan. In England, they call it the “city centre” instead.
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quinta-feira, 3 de março de 2016

Olá pessoal! Nesse fim de semana foi a noite do Oscar onde o Leonardo DiCaprio ganhou seu Oscar depois de tanto tempo!
Por isso hoje vamos aprender algumas palavras e expressões usadas em filmes que são úteis para discutir o assunto e entender um pouco mais sobre essa área.

CAST

The cast of a movie are all the actors and actresses starring in it. See the example below:
I loved the cast of the movie. I can’t wait to watch it.

CHARACTER

character is a person in the story, played by the actor or actress.

CINEMA

The cinema is the place where the movies are shown in a big screen. You can also say “the movies” as shown in the examples below:
Let’s go to the cinema. / Let’s go to the movies.

GENRE

The genre defines the style of the movie. Comedy, drama, action, horror, etc are all kinds of movie genres.

PLOT

The plot is the series of events that will shape the story. It is often what makes the movie worth watching.
Even though the cast was not the best, the plot was fascinating.

SCENE

A scene is a small part of the movie.
My favorite part was the scene where Leo fights the Bear.

SCREEN

The screen is the surface where the movie will be shown. When they say “the big screen” they are referring to the cinema.

E aí, o que vocês acharam? Deixe seu comentário!

Esse foi mais um post do Blog do Curso de Inglês Microcamp.
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quinta-feira, 7 de janeiro de 2016

Olá pessoal. No post de hoje vamos aprender o nome de alguns móveis da casa, além de alguns itens de decoração também. Mas ao invés de ver aqueles mais conhecidos, vamos falar de outros itens diferentes que talvez você ainda não conheça o nome em inglês.

BOOKSHELF / BOOKCASE – ESTANTE DE LIVROS

Bookshelves or bookcases are used to store books. Nowadays they come in many shapes, instead of the usual horizontal shelves.

DRESSER – CÔMODA

Dressers are cabinets used for holding folded clothes. Wardrobes, on the other hand, are larger cabinets where you can hang or store clothes

ENTERTAINMENT CENTER – ESTANTE DA TV

Entertainment centers are the central piece of furniture in most living rooms in the U.S. They are used to keep the TV, stereo, and other electronic devices.

PANTRY – DESPENSA

Pantries are small rooms or sometimes closets where people store food, kitchen utensils and dishes.

BASSINET / CRADLE – BERÇO

Bassinets are usually a kind of a bed with fixed legs for babies up to four months. While cradles are generally designed to provide a rocking or swinging motion.

HAMMOCK – REDE DE DORMIR

Hammocks are slings made of fabric and ropes suspended between two points. They are used to swing while you sleep or relax in it.

CHANDELIER – LUSTRE

Chandeliers are decorative lights hanging from the ceiling. Most of them are ornate, and some are made of crystals to refract light to the whole room.

DRAPES – CORTINAS

Drapes are a little different from curtains for being made of heavy opaque materials, designed to block light during the day and provide some sort of insulation during the winter or cold months. They are also more expensive than curtains because of the heavy materials and its quality.
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